Urinary Incontinence and PT
Urinary incontinence is the leakage of urine at inappropriate times. With incontinence, you may have trouble starting the urine stream or holding urine when you feel a strong urge to go.
There are different types of incontinence:
- Stress incontinence – small amounts of urine leak when there is increased pressure on the bladder.
- Urge incontinence – your bladder muscle goes into spasm, and, if the spasm is severe enough, medium
to large amounts of urine may leak; this might happen only occasionally or as often as every 15 to 20 minutes.
- Mixed incontinence – you have both stress and urge incontinence.
- Functional incontinence – urine leaks when you can’t get to the bathroom in time.
HOW A PHYSICAL THERAPIST CAN HELP
Your physical therapist will perform an examination to identify the causes of your urinary incontinence and determine whether you should be referred to a physician for additional tests. Based on the evaluation results, your physical therapist will create individualize treatments to strengthen your pelvic-floor muscles and improve their function. Your physical therapist can help you:
- Gain control over your symptoms.
- Reduce the need for pads and special undergarments,
incontinence medications, and possibly surgery.
Additionally, your physical therapist can provide information about:
- Diet and nutrition to avoid food and drinks that may irritate the bladder.
- Changing behaviors that make symptoms worse.
- Ways to decrease urinary urge and frequency.
Click here for more information.